The area of Collio and the surrounding towns are filled with history and most importantly the huge war memorial Redipuglia from 1938 contains the corpses of 39,857 identified Italian soldiers, and 69,330 unidentified. Trench fortifications can be seen next to the war memorial, as well as a display of large WWI artillery pieces. This area is marked with history.
Driving through the hills of Slovenia you see the remnants of the Austrian fortresses, built in the valley of the river Koritnica in Slovenia. Europe 1882 and the immense deaths that happened here have scared the soils. After leaving Bovec which is now a rafting center, one of the most interesting sites in the valley is Fortress Kluže. The old stronghold, placed between steep slopes of the surrounding mountains and deep gorge of the cold Koritnica River stands with a grey force.
The shadow over my heart, as my friend speaks about the history as we drive onwards to Carinthia. You see from the map, valleys and peaks are tightly woven and forces wind up and down trying to penetrate the access. Many lives were lost here and you can just imagine how easily a soldier could be devastated by weather and the tough terrain.
World War I resulted in heavy casualties for Slovenia, particularly on the bloody Soča front in Slovenia’s western border area. Hundreds of thousands of Slovene conscripts were drafted in the Austro Hungarian Army, and over 30,000 of them lost their lives during the World War I.
Hundreds of thousands of Slovenes were resettled in refugee camps in Italy and Austria. Ethnic Slovenes in refugees camps led by Italy, however, were treated as state enemies, and several thousands died of malnutrition and diseases between 1915 and 1918. Entire areas of the Slovenian Littoral were destroyed.
After the outbreak of World War I, the Austrian Parliament was dissolved and civil liberties suspended. Many Slovene political activists, especially in Carniola and Styria, were imprisoned by Austro-Hungarian authorities on charges of pro-Serbian or pan-Slavic sympathies.
The Italian Royal Army launched an attack on Austria-Hungary in 1915 on territory populated by Slovenes. Some of the fiercest battles were fought along the Soča (Isonzo) river and on the Kras (Carso) plateau in what is now western Slovenia.
After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in late 1918, an armed dispute started between the Slovenes and German Austria for the regions of Lower Styria and southern Carinthia. In November 1918, Rudolf Maister seized the city of Maribor and surrounding areas of Lower Styria in the name of the newly formed Yugoslav state. Around the same time a group of volunteers led by Franjo Malgaj attempted to take control of southern Carinthia. Fighting in Carinthia lasted between December 1918 and June 1919, when the Slovene volunteers and the regular Serbian Army managed to occupy the city of Klagenfurt.
In compliance with the Treaty of Saint-Germain, the Yugoslav forces had to withdraw from Klagenfurt, while a referendum was to be held in other areas of southern Carinthia. In October 1920, the majority of the population of southern Carinthia voted to remain in Austria, and only a small portion of the province (around Dravograd and Guštanj) was awarded to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. With the Treaty of Trianon, on the other hand, Kingdom of Yugoslavia was awarded the Slovene-inhabited Prekmurje region, which had belonged to Hungary since the 10th century.
World War II started in the Slovenian territory in April of 1941 and lasted until May 1945. During WWII Slovenia was in a very unique situation in Europe, and only Greece shared its experience of being trisected.
However, Slovenia was the only one that experienced a further step of absorption and annexation into neighboring Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Hungary. The Slovene-settled territory was divided largely between Nazi Germany and the Kingdom of Italy, with smaller territories occupied by Hungary, and the Independent State of Croatia.
The Holy Roman Empire controlled the land for nearly 1,000 years, and between the mid 14th century and 1918 most of Slovenia was under Habsburg rule. In 1918, Slovenes joined Yugoslavia, while the west of the country was annexed to Italy. Between 1945 and 1990, Slovenia was under Yugoslav Communist regime. The country gained its independence from Yugoslavia in June 1991, and is today it is a member of the European Union and NATO.
Categories: Kitchen Facts