Mughal Emperor Humayun @ Delhi

Fighting the air pollution and the traffic to get to the tomb is a feat in itself but worthwhile. The tomb’s design of the Mughal Emperor Humayun begun construction in 1565, nine years after his death, and completed in 1572. The buildings are made from a red sandstone and have been decorated with what we call the Star of David.


The hexagon itself as a six-sided object or the six-pointed Star of David (the number “6”) created by the overlay of two triangles in opposite directions. This is called in “Sacred Geometry” the perfect number in that the factors of 6 are 1, 2, and 3, so that 1 + 2 + 3 = 6 or 1 x 2 x 3 = 6 with the next perfect number being 28 derived from 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14 = 28 and the third such number being 496, etc.

But the focus is not on the star, it’s on the English styled gardens placed in the centre of a 30 acre Char Bagh Garden. Made up of four gardens, it is a Persian-style garden the first of its kind in the South Asia region in such a scale.

There are two bisecting central water channels, reflecting the four rivers that flow in Jannat, the Islamic concept of paradise. Each of the four square is further divided into smaller squares with pathways, creating into 36 squares in all, a design typical of later Mughal gardens.


The central water channels appear to be disappearing beneath the tomb structure and reappearing on the other side in a straight line, suggesting the Quranic verse, which talks of rivers flowing beneath the ‘Garden of Paradise’.


The Quran contains at least 109 verses that call Muslims to war with non believers for the sake of Islamic rule. Some are quite graphic, with commands to chop off heads and fingers and kill infidels wherever they may be hiding. Muslims who do not join the fight are called ‘hypocrites’ and warned that Allah will send them to Hell if they do not join the slaughter.


The use of the cosmic symbol a six-sided stars decorates the tomb throughout and is first seen at the main gateway on the west. The symmetrical and simple designed on the exterior is in sharp contrast with the complex interior floor plan of inner chambers. Inside you see the first Indian building to use the Persian double dome on a high neck drum, and high brass finial ending in a crescent, common in Timurid tombs in Mongolia.